An important message about geographical indications in Russia

11 December 2018

On July 27, 2018, the Russian State Duma passed first reading of a draft bill entitled "On Amendments to Part Four of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (on geographical indications)" (the Bill).

As a part of the general legislative process, a bill has to undergo three readings at the Russian State Duma before it is in force. Comments may be received and amendments to the bill can be introduced up to the second reading.



The Bill is a welcome development. It aims to fulfill Russia's WTO obligations under Articles 22 and 23 of the TRIPS Agreement which requires protection of geographical indications. Previously existing protection for Appellations of Origin in Russia will continue to exist. But geographical indications will be easier to obtain, since for GI's only one part of the production process which gives the product its special qualities or reputation has to be attributed to a certain geographical location.

There will be two routes for obtaining protection:

(i)  For new GI's – by filing an application directly in the Russian Patent Office; or

(ii) For GI's previously registered in the country of product's origin – by filing the registration certificate and accompanying documents in the Russian Patent Office.

However, according to the Bill, earlier registered appellations of origin cannot be converted into geographical indications for the same type of goods and vice versa.

In 2014, Russia imposed a ban on the importation of food products from Europe, the United States and elsewhere. Because previously imported foods such as cheeses and meats were no longer available, Russian manufacturers began to fill that gap with their own locally produced substitutes. It was all the more tempting for these producers to adopt descriptors from famous regions such as Brie, Camembert, Roquefort, Edam, Parma, Port etc…and this is what one often sees in local grocery stores in Russia today.

What will these changes mean for your business?

  • a new type of protection may be associated with your products in Russia;
  • there will be a more accessible means of IP protection associated with geographical indications as compared to appellations of origin; and
  • there will be new ways to stop the sale of knock-offs and of products that are misleading in terms of their place of origin.

The Bill is currently undergoing further amendment in preparation for its second reading.

There is a unique chance to communicate your interest to members of Parliament.

There is no formal call for submissions. Comments may be submitted informally by any individual stakeholders or brand associations. We may also do so on your behalf.

Should you wish to receive our full English translation of the Bill "On Amendments to Part Four of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation (on geographical indications)" please let us know.


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