Bill C-27 timeline of developments

11 minute read
02 February 2024

Parliament returned from recess on January 29, 2024. With the beginning of the winter sitting, the Standing Committee on Industry and Technology (INDU) is set to resume its study of Bill C-27, the Digital Charter Implementation Act, 2022.

To help you prepare, we’ve put together a guide that outlines Bill C-27’s progress through the legislative process to date. You will find a timeline of all key developments, along with a quantitative summary of INDU’s committee study of the bill, including the top issues addressed by the committee, categories of witnesses who have appeared, and amendments that the government has proposed so far.

Download Bill C-27 timeline of developments diagram

Timeline of developments

Next steps
Conclusion of INDU study
Report stage and third reading in the House of Commons
First reading in the Senate
Second reading in the Senate
Senate committee consideration
Third reading in the Senate
Royal Assent (barring Senate amendments for House of Commons consideration)
timeline icon light blue
INDU to commence dedicated study of AIDA
timeline icon maroon
January 29, 2024
Parliament returns from winter recess
timeline icon light blue
January 15, 2024
European Commission completes first review of adequacy decision for Canada, states that reforms in Bill C-27 could further strengthen privacy protections
timeline icon maroon
December 12, 2023
Privacy Commissioners of Quebec, Alberta, and British Columbia appear before INDU
timeline icon light blue
November 28, 2023
Minister Champagne provides correspondence to INDU with text of proposed amendments to AIDA
timeline icon maroon
October 31 - December 7, 2023
INDU meets with witnesses, including government officials, scholars, lawyers,  and industry stakeholders
timeline icon light blue
October 20, 2023
Minister Champagne sends correspondence to INDU with text of proposed amendments to CPPA
timeline icon maroon
October 19, 2023
Privacy Commissioner of Canada Philippe Dufresne appears before INDU
timeline icon light blue
October 17, 2023
INDU votes in favour of motion ordering Minister Champagne to produce the text of amendments to the CPPA and PIDPTA no later than 10/20/23
timeline icon maroon
October 4, 2023
Minister Champagne sends correspondence to INDU with further details on the amendments proposed in his 09/26/23 appearance
timeline icon light blue
September 28, 2023
INDU votes in favour of motion to compel Minister Champagne to provide exact language of amendments proposed in his 09/26/23 appearance
timeline icon maroon
September 26, 2023
Standing Committee on Industry and Technology (INDU) begins committee study
Minister of Innovation, Science, and Industry François-Philippe Champagne appears before INDU
timeline icon light blue
April 24, 2023
Vote at second reading in the House of Commons and referral to committee
timeline icon maroon
April 11, 2022
Second reading begins in the House of Commons
timeline icon light blue
June 16, 2022
Introduction and first reading of Bill C-27 in the House of Commons
timeline icon maroon
April 15, 2021
Bill C-11 dies on the Order Paper when Parliament dissolves
timeline icon light blue
November 17, 2020
Introduction and first reading of Bill C-11 in the House of Commons

INDU committee study to date

15 meetings

69 witnesses:

  • 14 Government Officials
  • 18 Scholars
  • 20 Industry stakeholders
  • 17 Lawyers

Most frequently studied issues

Issue

% of meetings
addressing issue

Harms arising from AI, including collective harms

65%

The Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal

60%

Children’s privacy

53%

Exceptions to consent requirements (including legitimate interest)

47%

The fundamental right to privacy

33%

Anonymization and de-identification

33%

Amendments proposed by Minister Champagne to date

3 categories of amendments to Part 1 of Bill C-27, the Consumer Privacy Protection Act:

1. Recognition of the fundamental right to privacy

2. Recognition and reinforcement of the protection afforded to children

3. Increased flexibility for the Privacy Commissioner to reach “compliance agreements”

5 categories of amendments to Part 3 of Bill C-27, the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act:

1. High-impact systems

2. International alignment

3. Clarifying obligations across the AI value chain

4. Obligations for general-purpose systems

5. Clarifying and strengthening the role of the AI and Data Commissioner

Resources to learn more


NOT LEGAL ADVICE. Information made available on this website in any form is for information purposes only. It is not, and should not be taken as, legal advice. You should not rely on, or take or fail to take any action based upon this information. Never disregard professional legal advice or delay in seeking legal advice because of something you have read on this website. Gowling WLG professionals will be pleased to discuss resolutions to specific legal concerns you may have.