Exhaustion of intellectual property rights in Singapore

2 minute read
18 November 2021

In Singapore, the question of whether an intellectual property right (such as a registered trademark or a patent) can be enforced by way of an infringement action against the sale of genuine goods placed on the market in another country and then parallel imported into Singapore, is governed by an area of law called 'exhaustion'.

Singapore's exhaustion defences are provided for in the legislation governing patent and trademark law. Both are international in nature. For patents, the general international exhaustion defence is subject to certain limitations in respect of pharmaceuticals. Where the limitations apply, Singapore's approach to exhaustion of patents is national in nature.

For more detail on the law regarding exhaustion in Singapore, in respect of patents and trademarks, please read on…



Further detail


[1] Chapter 221; Original enactment Act 21 of 1994; revised edition 2005


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